Bad Breath- Causes, Symptoms and treatment

Bad breath may be a common problem which will cause significant psychological distress. There are variety of potential causes and coverings available.


Anyone can suffer from bad breath. it’s estimated that 1 in 4 people have bad breath on a daily basis.Bad Breath- Causes, Symptoms and treatment

Halitosis is that the third commonest reason that folks seek care, after cavity and gum disease.

Simple home remedies and lifestyle changes, like improved dental hygiene and quitting smoking, can often remove the difficulty. If bad breath persists, however, it’s advisable to go to a doctor to see for underlying causes.

The best method to scale back halitosis is sweet oral hygiene. This ensures that cavities are avoided and reduces the likelihood of gum disease.

It is recommended that individuals visit the dentist for a check-up and cleaning twice a year.

The dentist may recommend a toothpaste that has an antibacterial agent or an antibacterial mouthwash.

Alternatively, if gum disease is present, professional cleaning could also be necessary to filter out the build-up of bacteria in pockets between the gums and teeth.


Potential causes of bad breath include:

1. Tobacco:

Tobacco products cause their own sorts of mouth odour. Additionally, they increase the probabilities of gum disease which may also cause bad breath.

2. Food:

The breakdown of food particles stuck within the teeth can cause odours. Sodourfoods like onions and garlic also can cause bad breath. After they’re digested, their breakdown products are carried within the blood to the lungs where the odour affect the breath.

3. Dry mouth:

Saliva naturally cleans the mouth. If the mouth is of course dry or dry thanks to a selected disease, like xerostomia, odours can build up.

4. Dental hygiene:

Brushing and flossing make convinced the removal of tiny grains of food which will  accumulate and gradually break down, producing odour. a film oodoursteria called plaque accumulates if brushing isn’t regular.

This plaque can disturb the gums and result in inflammation between the teeth and gums called podourdontitis. Dentures that aren’t cleared regularly or appropriately furthermore can harbour bacteria that induce halitosis.

5. Crash diets:

Fasting and low-carbohydrate eating programs can produce halitosis. this is often thanks to the breakdown of fats producing the harbour called ketones. These ketones have a robust aroma.

6. Drugs:

Certain medications can reduce saliva and, therefore, increase odours. Other drugs can produce odours as they breakdown and release chemicals within the breath. Examples include nitrates wont to treat angina, some chemotherapy chemicals, odour some tranquillizers, such asodoursothiazines. Individuals who take vitamin supplements in large doses also can be susceptible to bad breath.

7. Mouth, nose, and throat conditions:

Sometimes, small, bacteria-covered stones can form on the tonsils at the rear of the throat and produce odour. Also, infections or inflammation within the nose, throat, or sinuses can cause halitosis.

8. Foreign body:

Bad breath are often caused if they need a far off body lodged within the odour cavity, especially in children.

9. Diseases:

Some cancers, liver failure, and other metabolic diseases can cause halitosis, thanks to the precise mixes of chemicals t that hat they produce. esophageal reflux disease (GERD) can cause bad breath thanks to the regular reflux of stomach acids.

Rarer causes of bad breath

As mentioned earlier, the foremost common reason for bad breath is oral hygiene, but other situations also can be responsible.

Rarer causes of bad breath include;

1. Ketoacidosis:

When the insulin levels of an individual with diabetes are very low, their bodies can not use sugar and start to use fat stores instead. When fat is weakened, ketones are produced and build up. Ketones are often poisonous when found in large numbers and produce a particular and unsightly breath odour. Ketoacidosis may be a serious and potentially life-threatening condition.

2. Bowel obstruction:

Breath can smell like faeces if there has been a protracted period of vomitiodourespecially if a bowel obstruction is present.

3. Bronchiectasis:

This is often a long-term condition during which airways becofaecesder than normal, allowing a build-up of mucus that results in bad breath.

4. Aspiration pneumonia:

A swelling or infection within the lungs or airways thanks to inhaling vomit, saliva, food, or liquids.


The specific odour of breath can vary counting on the explanation for the matter. it’s best to ask an in depth friend or relative to measure your mouth odour, because it are often difficult to assess it odour self.

If nobody is out there, a method of checking the odour is to lick your wrist, leave it to dry, then smell it. a nasty smell on this area of the wrist is probably going to suggest that you simply have halitosis.

Some individuals are odour concerned about their breath albeit they’ll have little or no mouth odour. This condition is named halitophobia and may cause obsessive mouth-cleansing behaviour.

Home remedies

Brush the teeth:

Make certain to brush a minimum of twice each day, preferably after each behaviour

1. Floss:

Flossing reduces the build-up of food particles and plaque from between the teeth. Brushing only cleans around 60 per cent of the surface of the tooth.

2. Clean dentures:

Anything that goes into your mouth, including dentures, a bridge, or a mouth guard, should be cleaned as recommended per certain basis. Cleaning prevents the bacteria from build up and being transferred back to the mouth. Changing toothbrush every 2 to three months is additionally important for similar reasons.

3. Brush tongue:

Bacteria, food, and dead cells commonly build abreast of the tongue, especially in smokers or those with a very xerostomia. A tongue scraper can sometimes be useful.

4. Avoid dry mouth:

Drink much water. Avoid alcohol and tobacco, both of which dehydrate the mouth. Chewing gum or sucking a sweet, preferably sugar-free, can help stimulate the assembly of saliva. If the mouth is chronically dry, a doctor may prescribe medication that stimulates the flow of saliva.

5. Diet:

Avoid onions, garlic, and spicy food. Sugary foods also are linked to bad breath. Reduce coffee and alcohol consumption. Eating a breakfast that has rough foods can help clean the rear of the tongue.

If breath odour persists despite controlling these factors, it’s recommended that a private visits a doctor for further tests to rule out other conditions.

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By Bobvalla

Bobvalla Lesly Fomantum is a Cameroonian from the Northwest part of the country. He is a medical student and the founder of which is a health and fitness website. Bobvalla is kind, humble, hospitable, curious to safe lives. Being a medical doctor for him is not a profession nor a job but the passion he has for the field.

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