Cameroon: Everything you need to know (Step by step)

Cameroon is located in Central Africa, in the Gulf of Guinea.

It is bordered to the north by Chad, to the east by the Central African Republic, to the south by the Congo, Gabon and Equatorial Guinea, to the west by Nigeria.

Cameroon is a country with several large cities, including YAOUNDE, the political capital of the country with more than one million inhabitants, DOUALA, the economic capital with more than two million inhabitants.
Then come cities like GAROUA, BAFOUSSAM, MAROUA, BAMENDA, … which are important urban centres.

Cameroon: Everything you need to know (Step by step)

Cameroon: Everything you need to know (Step by step)

-Bantu: Beti, Bassa, Bakundu, Maka, Douala, Pygmies …
-Semi-Bantu: Bamiléké, Gbaya, Bamoun, Tikar, …
-Soufdanais: Foulbé, Mafa, Toupouri, Arabes-Choas, Moundang , Massa, Mousgoum,…

French and English are the official languages, they are spoken respectively by 70% and 30% of the population. Spanish and German are also known by many city dwellers.

Cameroon is a secular state.
Two main religions are practiced there: Christianity and Islam. We also note the practice of Animism by many populations.

Religious festivals:
Good Friday, Easter, Ascension, Pentecost, Assumption, Christmas, end of Ramadan, sheep festival.

Legal holidays:
New Year’s Day, Youth Day (February 11), Labor Day on May 1, National Day on May 20.

Apart from sport hunting which is practiced in the northern part of the country from November to May, the tourist season covers all year round and tourists can visit Cameroon all year round.

Climate and weather: Good and bad seasons

The dry season is from November to April.

MINIMA AND MAXIMA TEMPERATURES: From 23 to 31 ° C in January and from 21 to 35 ° C in July.

ISO Country Code: CM

Time difference (s) / Paris: 1 hour in summer, no time difference in winter


  • Adamawa region
  • Center region
  • Eastern Region
  • Far North Region
  • Littoral region
  • Northern Region
  • North West Region
  • Western Region
  • Southern region
  • Southwest region
  • 1. The Adamawa
    Region Regional Capital: Ngaoundéré
    Population: 681,362 hbts
    Area: 63,701 km2
    Number of departments: 05
    Density: 10.7 hbts / km2

Tourist aspects:
Water tower of Cameroon, this Region is the quintessential area of ​​crater lakes, ranches, thermo-mineral springs, fauna reserves and caves. Presence of Lamidats and feudal ethnic groups.

2. The Centre region
Regional Capital Region: Yaoundé
Population: 2,272,259 hbts
Area: 68,953 km2
Number of departments: 10
Density: 32.96 hbts / km2

Tourist aspects:
This Region which shelters the political capital of the country offers to the visits several forms of attractions. We will cite:

  • the visit of the very numerous natural sites in the Region of which the caves of Akok-Bekoé
  • the visit of the monuments and traces of colonization including the statue of Charles Atangana, first chief of the Ewondos, the native ethnicity of the capital.
  • The visit of the Ottomo forest reserve (Ngounou)

3. The Eastern region
Region Regional Capital: Bertoua
Population: 711,651 hbts
Area: 109,002 Km2
Number of departments: 04
Density: 6.53 hbts / km2

Tourist aspects:
The visitor will be able to cross the vast expanse of forest that covers this Region. It will be easy for you to visit the pygmy camps, the Dja reserve and experience the culture of the Gbaya and Maka, the main ethnic groups in this vast region.

4. The Far North
Region Regional Capital: Maroua
Population: 2,553,389 hbts
Area: 34,263 km2
Number of departments: 06
Density: 74.52 hbts / km2

Tourist aspects:
Here the visitor will have the choice between hunting, large lamidats, lunar landscapes of the Kapsiki, caves, large chiefdoms, lakes with strong concertation of hippos, craft centers or even fantasies?
There are large national parks:

  • the national park of Kalamaloué in Kousseri
  • the national park of waza in waza
  • the national park of Mozogo Gokoro in Koza

5. The Littoral Region
Regional Capital: Douala
Population: 1,861,463 hbts
Area: 20,248 km2
Number of departments: 04
Density: 91.93 hbts / km2

Tourist aspects:
It is the seat of the culture of the “Ngondo” big traditional festival of the Sawa (name designating the peoples of the water, natives of the region). It is a region conducive to seaside tourism. Douala is not only the drop-off point for those who visit Cameroon, but also the area of ​​concentration of historic monuments apart from visits to the Ekom Kam falls, OSSA lake and other natural sites in the Region, the visitor will have also to visit the large industrial plantations of Cameroon.

6. The North
Region Regional Capital: Garoua
Population: 1,145,038 hbts
Area: 66,090 km2
Number of departments: 04
Density: 17.33 hbts / km2

Tourist aspects:
the visitor will have in front of him a very varied range of tourist products. These multiform products are in the form of national parks, traditional lamidats, bodies of water (the benoué, the lagdo dam), hunting, fantasias, traditional rites, archaeological sites (traces of dinosaurs). The main national parks in the Region are:

  • the Bénoué
    national park
  • the boubandjida national park – the Faro national park

7. The North West Region
Region Regional Capital: Bamenda
Population: 1,702,559 hbts
Area: 17,300 km2
Number of departments: 07
Density: 98.41 hbts / km2

Tourist aspects:
Mountain area, this Region is a continuation of the Western Region. its natural sites, its green landscape, its chiefdoms, its falls and its crafts make this region a high place of Cameroonian tourism.

8. The West Region
Regional Capital: Bafoussam
Population: 1,843,518 hbts
Area: 13,892 km2
Number of departments: 08
Density: 132.7 hbts / km2

Tourist aspects:
Mountain area, impressive falls, large Bamiléké chiefdoms and crater lakes, this is one of the Regions of Cameroon with a tradition of funerals (carnival during the cult of the dead between November and February ) and nguon (big gathering party of the Banoum people, November-December).

9. The South Region
Region Regional Capital: Ebolowa
Population: 514,336 hbts
Area: 47,191 km2
Number of departments: 04
Density: 10.9 hbts / km2

Tourist aspects:
Area of ​​dense forest and natural islands, offers visitors a magical setting for rest by the sea with golden sandy beaches, and walks to the Lobé Falls.
The Cameroonian coasts having remained pristine, the visitor can thus at the same time admire the flora (mangrove) and aquatic fauna, in this region conducive to seaside tourism.

10. The South-West Region
Region Regional capital: Buéa
Population: 1,153,125 hbts
Area: 25,410 km2
Number of departments: 06
Density: 45.38 hbts / km2

Tourist aspects:
This Region is home to the country’s highest peak, Mount Cameroon, and opens onto the Atlantic Ocean; it is a region conducive to seaside tourism. Beyond the various tourist products offered by this region, the visitor will be able to appreciate the development of ecotourism and visit the Korup National Park, one of the most preserved rainforests in Africa today.

Cameroon meets, from afar, the desires and expectations of visitors.
Cameroon favors wilderness with phenomena unique in the world.
Giving the possibility of combining leisure, beach tourism and eco-tourism.

The “Plus Touristiques”
Located at the hinge of West and East Africa and stretching from the bottom of the Gulf of Guinea to Lake Chad, Cameroon offers tourist specificities that cannot be found anywhere else in Africa in the same country: Relief, climate, flora and fauna, peoples and traditions.
This particularity allows Cameroon to develop throughout the year several different types of tourism:
Seaside tourism, mountain tourism, congress and business tourism, safari and hunting tourism, eco-tourism and cultural tourism.

Seaside tourism:
The 400 km of Atlantic coast of the Cameroonian coast are conducive to seaside tourism whose main attractions are picturesque bays, natural and sandy beaches, islands, mangrove vegetation and waterfalls flowing directly into the sea.

Practiced in an artisanal or industrial way and open to all lovers of deep sea fishing. The numerous rivers which irrigate Cameroon constitute a reservoir of rare and abundant species which give a very particular character to fishing.

Safari and hunting Safari and hunting
Cameroon has seven national parks, the most interesting and best developed of which is Waza Park in the Far North. These parks have a large number of animals representative of the African fauna (elephants, lions, giraffes, black rhino, panthers, buffaloes, antelopes, hippos, hyenas, gorillas, damalisques, cheetahs, etc.).
Apart from the national parks where it is forbidden to slaughter animals, in northern Cameroon there are fourteen hunting zones with more than 500 km of maintained motor tracks.
In Safari tourism, Cameroon, in West and Central Africa, comes first thanks to better development of its parks and wildlife reserves (Boubandjida) in Adamawa.

The integration of environmental conservation concerns into tourism development projects has led to the classification and protection of certain natural sites for scientific, ecological and tourist purposes.
We can mention in particular:
THE NATIONAL PARK OF KORUP which conceals plant species old of several million years.
THE DJA RESERVE, classified as World Heritage by UNESCO.
LE MONT CAMEROUN, 4,070m high where a quaternary flora has survived is classified as an international site for climbing. Remarkable ecological site, it is the subject of a vast promotion project by a German NGO “GTZ”. A still active volcano, the last eruption of which dates back to March 2000. The site benefits from very high rainfall (over 15m) at Cap Debunscha.
THE MAYO-REY SITES still bear fossilized dinosaur footprints.

Cultural Tourism
The Cameroonian population is a mosaic of nearly 200 ethnic groups with different customs and traditions whose traditional ways of life still exist with, in the North and West, the intact preservation of traditional chiefdoms.
Cultural tourism draws its richness:
From the diversity presented in the art of living, folklore, religion, housing and even cooking. The oval-shaped Massa huts in the north of the country are unique in the world.
Developed craftsmanship,
Also very rich historical heritage (monuments and vestiges) to which we must add the French and English bilingualism of Cameroonians.
Mountain tourism
Mount Cameroon, which overlooks the west coast, Mount Manengouba, at the hinge of French-speaking Cameroon and English-speaking Cameroon, and the climatic center of Dschang, built on a plateau rising to 10,800 m above the sea, constitute the high places of mountain tourism.
The microclimate of Dschang offers one of the best places for relaxation in Cameroon.

Congress and Business Tourism
The major cities of Yaoundé and Douala, with their infrastructure of international standing (convention centers, international airports, world class hotels) constitute the main poles of development for congress and business tourism.

By Bobvalla

Bobvalla Lesly Fomantum is a Cameroonian from the Northwest part of the country. He is a medical student and the founder of which is a health and fitness website. Bobvalla is kind, humble, hospitable, curious to safe lives. Being a medical doctor for him is not a profession nor a job but the passion he has for the field.

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