What is Acid Reflux Disease / GERD?
Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease, or GERD, is that the condition during which the person suffers from heartburn thanks to returning of the food from stomach to the food-pipe.
When food is chewed and swallowed, it passes through the oesophagus or food-pipe then into the stomach.
The sphincter or rubber band at the junction of the lower oesophagus and entrance of the stomach allows the food into the stomach. The sphincter closes in such how that it doesn’t allow the contents to flow back.
The contents are mixed with acidic juices of the stomach and undergo initial digestion.
Improper closure or any disturbance of the sphincter at the junction of the lower end of the food-pipe and therefore the upper end of the stomach allows the acidic food mixture to return from the stomach to the oesophagus (food pipe). This causes symptoms of heartburn and acidity.
What Causes Acid Reflux Disease / GERD?
The most common explanation for GERD is an improper diet or irregular eating habits.
Certain food items like chocolates, fried foods, etc can trigger acid reflux.
Sugary beverages, carbonated drinks, coffee and alcohol also are known to cause reflux.
Smoking cigarettes relax the lower oesophagal sphincter, thus allowing the return of the contents of the stomach to the lower oesophagus.
Hiatal hernia is additionally known to cause GERD. this happens when a little part of the stomach protrudes into the chest through a gap within the diaphragm.
Home Remedies for Acid Reflux Disease / GERD
Acid reflux is understood to affect children and adults alike. With the present era of fast lifestyle, erratic eating habits and learning food on the go, the stomach acids are sure to retort. Natural remedies are often adopted which will also work as a cure for acid reflux disease.
A few dietary changes and tips are often followed to beat the matter.
What, How and When of eating: Tip – Keep a diary of what and once you eat.
a. Eat more fibre
b. Avoid food that triggers acidity, like citrus fruits and high-fat food
c. Avoid sweets, sugary drinks and chocolates as they cause fermentation within the stomach and trigger acid production
Drink enough water:
Consume a minimum of 3-4 litres of water a day. Water increases the assembly of saliva, neutralizes the acidity within the stomach and allows the food to travel through the gastrointestinal system during a smooth manner.
Once you are chewing gum, tons of saliva is produced and swallowed. The saliva features a neutralizing effect on the acids of the stomach. make certain to settle on on a non-sugary gum to chew. Chewing gum after meals can help in preventing acidity.
Avoid smoking and alcohol:
Smoking is understood to possess a soothing effect on the sphincter that forestalls food to be pushed back to the oesophagus. Alcohol is understood to extend the assembly of acid within the stomach. Avoiding these habits can cause you to healthy in additional than a method.
Maintain a healthy weight:
Excess pounds exert pressure on the abdomen and therefore the stomach and cause the contents to be pushed back to the oesophagus. Maintaining a healthy weight also involves eating right, causing less strain on the stomach.
Avoid tight-fitting clothes:
When clothes round the waist are tightened up, the stomach is squeezed, forcing the lower oesophagal sphincter to open the incorrect high. This causes the contents also to be pushed the incorrect high resulting in acidity and heartburn.
Don’t lie immediately after a meal:
Don’t lie for a minimum of 2 hours after a meal. The ingested food usually stays within the stomach for up to 2 hours after a meal. Once it passes the stomach, it’s safe to lie.
Don’t take up heavy physical activity immediately after meals:
Once we eat our meals, the blood flow is increased towards the abdomen to support peristalsis. The peristaltic movements of the alimentary canal force the food downward. If we exercise after meals, the blood flow to those muscles is reduced and digestion takes place at a slower rate, eventually leading to acidity.
Sleep with head in elevated position:
Raise the top position up to six inches when sleeping to avoid the reflux of the food from the stomach.
Take time to relax through sports, leisure activities, yoga or meditation. Stress has known to trigger acidity and heartburn and cause indigestion. this might flow from to emotional-overeating or losing appetite thanks to work pressures.
Sleep on the left side:
Sleeping on the proper side creates additional pressure on the stomach causing the reflux and increase GERD symptoms. Sleeping on the left side can relieve the pressure.
Foods that Help Buffer Stomach Acids
Apple or banana An apple or banana once each day, keeps acidity away
Yellow mustard paste One tablespoon during an acid reflux attack
Almonds About 4 almonds after a meal
Aloe juice Half a cup of aloe juice before meals
Baking soda Half a teaspoon of bicarbonate of soda in 8 ounces of water during an acid reflux attack.
Avoid frequent use of this remedy because it can cause nausea.
Apple vinegar Three teaspoons of raw unfiltered apple cider vinegar with 8 ounces of water. Have it quarter-hour before a meal.
Slippery elm Boil leaves of red elm in water and takes it after meals and at bedtime.