Growing garlic in Cameroon is straightforward and cheap. This article will teach you ways to plant and grow garlic In Cameroon, including sourcing, cultivating garlic in Cameroon, harvesting garlic in Cameroon, and storing.
Preparing to Grow Garlic in Cameroon
1. Find out when to plant garlic in your region.
Generally, the simplest times for planting are mid-autumn or early spring.
Garlic grows well during a wide selection of climates. It does less well in areas of high heat or humidity, or where there’s tons of rainfall.
2. Choose a planting spot and prepare the soil.
Garlic needs tons of full sun, but it’d tolerate partial shade provided it isn’t for very long during the day or season. The soil must be dug over and crumbly. Sandy loam is best.
Before adding nutrients to your soil, you ought to know what’s already there. If you haven’t done a soil test, contact your local county extension office for a soil sampling kit.
Ensure that the soil has good drainage. Clay-based soils aren’t good for planting garlic.
Use compost and manure to feature nutrients to the soil before planting the garlic.
3. Source fresh garlic.
Garlic is grown by planting the cloves — called seeds for our purposes — so to urge started all you would like to try to do is buy fresh garlic. Choose garlic from a store, or maybe better, a farm stand or the local farmers market. it’s extremely important that the garlic bulbs chosen are fresh and of top quality. If you’ll, choose organic garlic in order that you avoid garlic that has been sprayed chemically.
Choose fresh garlic bulbs with large cloves. Avoid garlic that has become soft.
Each clove will sprout into a garlic plant, so keep that in mind when you’re deciding what percentage heads to shop for.
If you’ve got some garlic reception that has sprouted, that’s great to use.
Nurseries also offer garlic bulbs for planting. Visit a nursery if you would like to urge a selected variety or to urge advice on local conditions for garlic.
Mail-order catalogues and online seed stores offer many sorts of garlic and can include specific planting instructions for the sort of seed you purchase.
Planting the Garlic
1. Break the cloves from a fresh garlic head.
Take care to not damage the cloves at their base, where they attach to the garlic plate. If the bottom is broken, the garlic won’t grow.
Plant the larger cloves. The smaller cloves take up even as much space within the planting bed, but they produce much smaller bulbs.
2. Push each clove into the soil.
Point the ideas upward and plant the cloves about 2 inches (5cm) deep.
The cloves should be spaced about 8 inches (20cm) apart for best-growing conditions.
3. Cover the planted cloves with mulch.
Suitable toppings include hay, dry leaves, straw, compost, well-rotted manure, or well-rotted grass clippings.
4. Fertilize the cloves or top-dress with compost.
The planted garlic needs an entire fertilizer at the time of planting.
Fertilize again within the spring if you’re planting your garlic within the fall, or within the fall if you’re planting it within the spring.
Caring for Garlic Plants
1. Water the plants when necessary.
Newly planted garlic must be kept moist to assist the roots to develop. Don’t overdo the water, however, as garlic doesn’t grow well, or may even rot, if sodden during cold months.
Water deeply once every week if rain has not fallen. Watering garlic isn’t necessary unless there’s a drought, during which case water sparingly, as garlic hates wet soil.
Reduce the watering gradually because the season warms up. The garlic needs a hot, dry summer to permit the bulbs to mature.
2. Take care of pests.
Insects, mice, and other creatures may come to eat the garlic or make a nest among the plants. Beware the subsequent pests:
Aphids seem to enjoy garlic leaves, and therefore the flower buds. They’re easy to urge obviate — simply rub your fingers over them and squash them or apply a pesticide.
Many people tend to plant garlic underneath roses to discourage aphids; the roses enjoy the aphids being drawn away.
Mice and other small creatures sometimes nest in the mulch. If you’ve got a drag with mice in your area, think about using plastic mulch or landscaping fabric.
Harvesting the Garlic
1. Eat some scapes.
Because the garlic plants begin to grow, long green stalks called scapes will emerge. achieve a couple of scapes and eat them if you would like . the simplest a part of the scape is that the young, tender shoot.
This may damage the garlic bulbs themselves, so don’t roll in the hay to each plant.
Use gloves when pulling off scapes; otherwise, your hands will smell of garlic for days.
2. Note the signs of readiness for harvesting.
Garlic bulbs are able to be harvested once you can feel the individual cloves within the bulb, and therefore the leaves turn yellow or brown.
Once the scapes start to dry, it’s important to reap the garlic or the top will “shatter” and divide into the individual cloves.
Begin harvesting at the top of the summer. Harvesting can continue well into autumn in most places.
Some warm climates may enable earlier harvesting of garlic.
3. Loosen the world around each bulb with a shovel or garden fork.
Pull the bulbs out of the bottom. If employing a fork, take care to not stab the bulbs underground.
Be careful with the digging process, since garlic tends to bruise easily.
The plants should be kept complete and unwashed, and hung up to “cure” for 2 weeks. the perfect temperature is 80°F (26.7°C) for curing. Once cured, the outer flaky layers of the bulb are often ignored, leaving clean skin below. Trim the tops and therefore the roots, and store during a cool, dry place.
Washing garlic will prolong the curing process and potentially cause it to rot. Also, if the garlic isn’t cured, it’ll rot quickly within the pantry.
- Store garlic during a cool, dry place in your home to stop them from going bad. Dried bulbs are often kept during a garlic keeper (usually made up of pottery), and individual cloves are often achieved as required.
2. Make a garlic plait or braid.
The dried leaves are often kept back and plaited or braided into a strand, from which you’ll hang the garlic bulbs in your pantry or kitchen. this is often both decorative and useful.
3. Store garlic in oil or vinegar.
Garlic cloves are often kept in oil or vinegar. However, to avoid the potential for bacterial growth, confine the refrigerator and consume quickly.
WARNING: Extreme care must be taken when preparing flavoured oils with garlic or when storing garlic in oil. don’t store garlic in oil at temperature. Garlic-in-oil mixtures stored at temperature provide perfect conditions for producing botulism toxin (low acidity, no free oxygen within the oil, and warm temperatures). an equivalent hazard exists for roasted garlic stored in oil.