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Sunken fontanelle of a baby: Everything you need to know

Today,  we are going to discuss everything you need to know about the Sunken fontanelle of a baby.

A baby is born with a fontanelle rain. These rained commonly called soft point. Do they provide the skull with the flexibility to cross the left canal?

What is a sunken fontanelle?

A baby is born with several fontanelles. These are more commonly referred to as soft spots of a baby.

They provide the skull with the flexibility to pass through the birth canal.Sunken fontanelle of a baby: Everything you need to know

This flexibility also allows your baby’s brain and skull to develop during the first year of life.

In newborns, soft spots are found on the top, back and sides of the head.

The number of soft spots on your baby’s head depends on his age.

The fontanelle on the back of the head usually disappears between 1 and 2 months. You may never be able to smell or see this one.

The one on the top of the head stays there until your baby is between 7 and 19 months old.

A baby’s weak spots should be relatively firm and curve inward slightly.

A weak point with a noticeable inward curve is known as a sunken fontanelle of a baby.

This condition requires immediate medical attention. It is generally easy to treat.

What causes a sunken fontanelle of a baby?

There are several potential causes of a sunken fontanelle of a baby.

1. Dehydration:

Dehydration occurs when your body loses more fluid than you drink.

Excessive sweating is the most common cause of water loss from the body. Learn more about dehydration here.

This condition is considered a medical emergency. Urgent care may be needed.Sunken fontanelle of a baby: Everything you need to know

2. Kwashiorkor:

Kwashiorkor is a severe form of malnutrition caused by a lack of protein.

3. Stunted growth:

It is said that a child fails to thrive when it does not meet recognized growth standards.

4. Toxic megacolon :

Toxic megacolon is a rare and potentially fatal enlargement of the large intestine and is usually a complication of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD).

Find out the symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment of toxic megacolon here.

This condition is considered a medical emergency. Urgent care may be needed.

Diabetes insipidus: Diabetes insipidus (DI) is not a form of diabetes.

Instead, it’s a rare condition that occurs when your kidneys aren’t able to conserve water.

How is a sunken fontanelle of a baby diagnosed?

If your baby has a sunken fontanelle, you need to see a doctor as soon as possible. It is not a symptom that you should try to treat at home.

When the doctor examines your baby, he will do a physical exam first. This includes looking at and feeling the affected area.

The doctor will also assess the elasticity or turgor of your baby’s skin. Poor elasticity can also be a sign of low fluid levels.

The amount of moisture in the eyes and mouth can also provide clues about your baby’s hydration level.

Second, the doctor will ask you about your baby’s symptoms. It is important to provide as much information as possible.

The doctor will probably want to know when the problem started and how you would rate the severity of the symptom given your baby’s normal appearance of soft spots.

Note: If the baby has been sick recently or if the baby has recently had episodes of vomiting or diarrhoea.

Tell the doctor if there has been a recent period when your baby has been sweating more than usual, if your baby seems thirsty, and if your baby’s level of alertness seems normal.

The doctor can then order one or more tests. These may involve taking a sample of blood or urine.

Specific tests may include a complete blood count (CBC). This blood test measures the number of red and white blood cells and their components to detect infection or anaemia, which can occur with dehydration.

A urinalysis involves a number of tests to check the urine for abnormalities that could indicate dehydration.

Another test that you might need is a full metabolic panel.

This blood test involves a number of tests that assess how well various chemicals in the body break down and use food. It can help detect malnutrition.Sunken fontanelle of a baby: Everything you need to know

What are the treatment options for a sunken fontanelle of a baby?

If dehydration is the confirmed cause of a sunken fontanelle, your baby will be given fluids either by mouth if he is not vomiting and is alert or through an intravenous (IV) line inserted into his arm.

This will likely bring the fluid levels in the body back to where they should be.

If malnutrition is the cause, your baby will likely receive oral or IV nutrients as well as fluids.

How can I avoid a sunken fontanelle of my baby?

The best way to avoid a sunken fontanelle is to prevent its most common cause, which is dehydration.

Here are some tips to avoid dehydration:

➡Give your child adequate amounts of fluids and seek medical help if you have a sick baby who you think is at risk of becoming dehydrated.

➡ should also increase the amount of fluids given as soon as your baby vomits or has diarrhoea.

➡Consult your child’s doctor if you have questions about breastfeeding or how much formula to give your baby.

➡Talk to your doctor if you are breast-feeding and think you are having problems with your breast milk production.

You can also contact breastfeeding support groups or explore the possibility of supplementing your breast milk supply with formula.

By Bobvalla

Bobvalla Lesly Fomantum is a Cameroonian from the Northwest part of the country. He is a medical student and the founder of Camertalks.com which is a health and fitness website. Bobvalla is kind, humble, hospitable, curious to safe lives. Being a medical doctor for him is not a profession nor a job but the passion he has for the field.

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